Back pain is positioned second to the headaches as the most usual type of pain that afflicts the adults at some of the days in their lives. Subsequent to the common colds, it is the most common amongst the ailments. The back pain symptoms are more frequently observed between thirty-five and fifty-five years of age. Our standing up posture has made our back adjust to tolerate the forces of gravity over our lifespan. It also has made this region more easily vulnerable to loss and damage resulting from excessive use, tension, stress and fractures. The flexibility of our back is critical in order to keep us ambulatory and this flexibility is ascertained by many facets such as:
i) The manner of organization in which the joints are placed
ii) The elasticity of muscles
iii) The fiber material of connective tissue (collagenous fibers and elastic fibers)
iv) The Intervertebral discs
The Intervertebral discs are made up of fibrocartilage and are inserted between the vertebrae in the spine; these discs act as shock assimilators and impart resilience, firmness and stability to the joints. Each of these discs forms a cartilaginous joint to provide for slight movement of the vertebrae. These also clasp and retain the vertebrae together. The collagen fibers help the discs retain the tension of the erect posture and our weight. The discs protect the spine and keep it dependable during fatiguing and exhausting activities that put strong force on the spine, such as hiking, running, and upraising etc. The activity and actions of our body are made possible on account of the correlative action or effect between the muscles and the skeletal system, which together are referred to as the musculoskeletal system, which consists of:
The primary functions of the musculoskeletal system include
– Sustenance of the body
– Allowance of motion
– Security of vital organs
The skeletal system serves as the main storage system for calcium and phosphorus and contains critical components of the hematopoietic system.
Now when we talk about the back pain, we should all be well-versed with back pain symptoms:
What does the word symptom mean?
It means any condition accompanying or resulting from a disease and serving as an aid in diagnosis.
Back pain symptoms could rank in severity from easy-going to very bad.
They are as follows:
a) Feeling of intense physical pain or ache or strain in the area between the lower side of the ribs and the upper most part of the legs.
Lower back is the most common site where the pain is usually felt. Why? For the simple reason that our lower back endures the stress, strain as well as the impact of our weight hence is more susceptible to be troubled This pain is often referred to as non-clear-cut back pain and generally becomes better on its own within a few days.
b) High grade fever
c) Rubor(redness) or inflammation on the back
d) Insensibility and feebleness in one or both lower limbs as well as around the buttocks( either of the two fleshy rounded parts at the back of the hips)
e) Pain throughout the legs and below the knees
f) Non-stop pain, especially nocturnal(at night)
g) Pain that intensifies as well as extends up the spine
Please note that of the back pain symptoms mentioned from a) to g) only the a) is harmless, while for those from b) to g) medical health needs to be looked for, to rule out some serious underlying reason for back pain.
Back pain symptoms may be:-
– Acute (persisting less than six weeks)
– Chronic (persisting more than twelve weeks)
– Sub- acute(persisting six weeks to twelve weeks)