An ache or pain in the lower back is referred to as Low back pain, which afflicts every second person, at sometime during his or her life. Knowledge about the main parts of your low back and how these parts work is important to have regard for your back problems. Each one of us should be conversant with the term Lumbar spine, which originates from the Latin word Lumbus—meaning Lion. In other words the lumbar spine has been structured by Mother Nature, for Vigor, Might, Weight and Authority, all the terms that characterize a lion. Although pliability or flexibility may not be amongst the characteristic features of a Lion, yet they do characterize a lumbar spine. So, all those who have an intact low back should learn to walk with a Lordly demeanor similar to that of a lion.
For maneuvers such as curving, bending or uplifting something you need to have a perfect tough lumbar spine! Another significant fact, worth keeping in mind is to walk with an appropriate posture. The most suitable walking posture is the one in which the body is kept in a poised, proportionately straight position, where the spine is not arched too far frontwards or backwards. Make sure that the chin is up, the shoulders are loosened up, the spine is straight, and the feet thump the ground first with the heel, and then press down towards the toe.
Nurturing an average yet proper walking posture helps hamper any affliction to the spine. In the spinal row, the rule followed by the vertebrae is, that the lower the vertebra the more weight it must sustain and support. There are five sizeable non-integrated lumbar vertebrae in the spinal row, which uphold the weight of the entire trunk of the human body. The lumbar spine makes contact with the sacrum (a triangular bone) at the lumbosacral joint (L5-S1) which allows for comfortable rotation, so that the pelvis and hips could move back and forth when walking and jogging. The human vertebral column comprises twenty-four vertebrae, which are stockpiled on top of one another. When you look at the human body, you notice that the vertebral column is made up of three curves i.e. the cervical, the thoracic and the lumbar spine. Bands of tough tissue that furnish structural steadiness to the spine and also embrace the vertebrae together are known as Ligaments and tendons. The fundamental function of the muscles of the spine is to provide sustenance and durability to the spine, in addition to bending, rotating and lengthening the spine. Having given you an introduction about the anatomy of the spine, we are in a better position to discuss the low back pain which can perturb anybody at any age and should never be ignored on account of the fact that our back is a very valuable part of our body.
– Low back pain is more common in the feminine gender than in the masculine gender
– A bad posture, while standing or sitting could cause a low back pain unless you keep your shoulders straight and refrain from slouching while sitting and walking.
– Obesity in the form of extra pounds places an extra stress on the spine and hence causes low back pain.
– An intellectually pressurizing job
– An inactive life style or a desk-bound job
– Aged individuals are more prone to low back pain than the young adults or kids
– Smoking cigarettes or cigar habitually
– Exhausting physical activity especially if carried out with an improper posture and in an unsuitable manner
– A herniated intervertebral disc
– Back pain secondary to muscle spasm and sprain
– Spinal stenosis (narrowing or constriction of spine due to arthritis and other causes) in old age.
– Spondylolisthesis (a condition in which a vertebra in the spine drops out of its original position due to degenerative changes in the spine.
– Arthritis of the small joints of the spine.