Back and forth, back off, back down, back up, back away, go back on, turn one’s back on etc. These are all phrases, which have nothing to do with back pain. Back, as we all know, is the part of the body, opposite to the front so back pain is the one felt in the back.
The pain usually emanates from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints and other constituents of the spine. It may have an unanticipated commencement or could be long standing; it could be uniform or else cyclic; it could remain in one place or diverge to some other region.
The back pain could be slow-moving or well-defined and stabbing. It could disperse to the arms and hands as well as the legs or feet and may include symptoms other than pain, like prickling, feebleness or insensibility.
Back pain could be divided into:
a) Pain in the neck
b) Pain in the middle back
c) Pain in the lower back
Back pain could be graded on account of continuance in time into:
– Acute–Less than one month (In the acute phase, most back pains are due to inflammation)
– Sub acute—-between one to three months
– Chronic—-more than three months
Likely sources of back pain
– Muscle strains, spasm and muscle imbalances in the skeletal muscle of the back
– Synovial joints of the spine
– Spinal disc herniation
– Degenerative disc disease
– Osteoarthritis (a slowly progressive form of arthritis found chiefly in older people and characterized by bone enlargement as well as deterioration of cartilage)
– Lumbar spinal stenosis
– Fractures (breaks in the bones)
– Inflammatory disease
In most cases, the pain goes away on its own, within a few days or weeks.. In cases in which the back pain has a repetitive fundamental cause, such as a distinct disease or spinal abnormality, it is necessary for the Doctor to identify the cause of the pain and advise accordingly. This is significant because all treatments do not work for all situations. The basic aim of treatment of back pain should be to realize diminution of the severity of pain without delay as quickly so that the patient is capable to function in his or her daily activities.
Different modes of back pain treatment
1) Heat therapy(heat and warmth furnish a soothing and invigorating effect as well as relaxation in addition to providing pain relief).
2) Cold compression therapy (is applied to curtail pain and swelling, subsequent to an injury. For this purpose ice or cold are utilized in a medical set up) The logic behind this therapy is to lower the temperature of the injured tissues; as a result, the metabolic rate of the tissues is reduced). Medications such as muscle relaxants, simple pain killers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
3) Massage (rubbing parts of the body with hands to stimulate circulation and make muscles and joints supple and relieve tension).
4) acupressure (a practice analogous to acupuncture but involving the application of manual pressure to parts of the body, rather than the insertion of needles).
5) Posture training
7) Acupuncture (the ancient practice especially as carried on by the Chinese, of piercing parts of the body with needles in seeking to relieve pain.)